Drought Brought Down Ancient Greece

Drought Brought Down Ancient Greece

athens-greece-acropolis-parthenonAccording to a study published on August 14 in the journal PLOS ONE, a 300-year drought may be responsible for the collapse of several Mediterranean cultures, including that of ancient Greece, around 3,200 years ago.

For a long time now, archeologists have been debating on the reasons behind their fall often citing economic factors. However, according to this new research, natural factors, including a wintry drought, may have dried up agriculture, caused famine and forced people into war.

As Brandon Lee Drake, an archaeologist at the University of New Mexico, stated among others, “If you can imagine this complex Greek civilization sitting on top of a bucket, then the climate came and kicked it out from under them, and there was really nothing that they could have done.”

The latest findings, are based on an analysis of ancient sediment cores from Larnaca Salt Lake, near Hala Sultan Tekke in Cyprus by David Kaniewski, an archaeologist at the University of Paul Sabatier-Toulouse in France, and his colleagues. The lake was once a harbor, but became landlocked thousands of years ago.

“It’s getting hard to argue that there wasn’t a significant change in climate at that time,” Drake told LiveScience.

In the heart of these dark ages, the ancient Mycenaens lost their writing system, called Linear B, and correspondence between countries slowed to a trickle,” Drake said. He also added that, “It happened over 200 years. People may not have even recognized the climate was changing, because it was happening so slowly over their lifetime.”

  • Alex_Linder

    Cool story, bro.

  • Alex

    Roman legions brought down Greece. They then proceeded to follow Hellenistic model of Alexander by trying to Romanize Greeks (and other Europeans as well).

    Later the early fundamentalist Roman Christians (the Taliban of their day) were the nail in the coffin. They banned the Olympics. Banned Hellenic places of worship. Burned Hellenic boosk and even closed the academy in athens. Even the term “Hellene” came to be viewed as a pagan worshipper. Even Latin became the official language of Greece.(which was just one region in a mulch-ethnic Eastern Roman empire that spanned many nations)

    Stripped of their identity and culture Greeks descended into the barbarism of the middle ages as Christian Romans. A few centuries later our Greco-Roman forefathers did their best to try to recover their language and culture but much damage had been done to the Greek nation. The Schism between west (Latin/Catholic) Rome and east (Greek/Orthodox) Rome helped but it wasn’t until the Renaissance that Greek identity versus Roman came to the forefront again (“rebirth” of love of Greek culture.. ironically that came with the demise of the Roman state to the Ottomans)

    With the death of the Roman state the Romans of Greece had to decide whom their cultural loyalites were to. The last emperor of the old Roman emperor died fighting the Ottomans for his country remarked to his citizens they should never forget they were were descendents of Romans and Greeks.

    It was during that era that Romans of Greece asked fundamental questions about the essence of their culture and identity versus that of other former Romans of the now non-existent Roman empire (much like how states in the former Soviet Union had to define their own identities) . We have mixed with many people over the ages but the core of our culture, our location, our language, even our DNA screams the root is best described as Greek.

  • Alithia

    ***The latest findings, are based on an analysis of ancient sediment cores from Larnaca Salt Lake, near Hala Sultan Tekke in Cyprus by David Kaniewski, an archaeologist at the University of Paul Sabatier-Toulouse in France, and his colleagues. The lake was once a harbor, but became landlocked thousands of years ago.***

    Interesting story but wait a minute, all those “findings” on an a entire civilization based on a lake, on an island a 1000 kilometers from mainland Greece?

    Anything that has “climate” on it, given the current fad of basing everything but the male pattern baldness on the religion of “climate change”, I’m highly suspicious.

  • Tony Belluci

    Can they be more specific? This probably pertains to the civilizations of Mycenaean and Minoan, but I’ve read there was a massive natural disaster in Thera displacing the population there and of Crete. The Mycenaean I’ve read were replaced by the Northern Doric tribes that emigrated to southern Greece on the Peloponnese. So where does this drought fit in place?

  • worldarts

    More lies from the Nazis who have again invaded taken over Europe financially.

  • Curzon Dax

    bs.. On the other hand, it does bring down the Middle East now. They seriously have a drought problem. e.g. A deal with Israel this month was they give us power, we give them water.

  • Edward Kirby

    I’ve been writing about this for years and saying it was localized (as opposed to global) climate change. I’ve been using this Wiki link each time:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronze_Age_collapse

    FWIW, there was a similar event 1,000 years earlier:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4.2_kiloyear_event

    Both links say the crises were caused by drought, but… they’re pretty much the same thing at this point.