Greek women are underpaid at work and overworked in their household duties, says a new Eurostat report titled “Life of women and men in Europe – statistical portraits”.
The study was conducted in cooperation with the National Statistical Institutes of the EU Member States and the EFTA countries and is released ahead of European Statistics Day (October 20). It shows that there are significant differences between men and women in wages, lifestyle, daily activities, even in causes of death.
According to the report, figures on Greece show that the gap between Greek men and women in regards to unemployment is the highest among EU Member States. Also, Greek women shoulder most of the weight of household work and raising the children.
Specifically, Greece shows the highest difference in unemployment rates between men (19.9%) and women (28.1%) in the EU. Accordingly, the employment rate is 61% for men and 43.3% for women.
Furthermore, only one in four senior executives in Greece are women (25%, as in the Netherlands and the Czech Republic, the second lowest percentage in the EU after Luxembourg). The EU average is 33%.
Regarding daily childcare, Greece shows the highest gender gap in the EU with 95% of Greek women looking after the children while only 53% of men taking care of children on a daily basis. Correspondingly in Europe, on average 92% of women perform the daily childcare duties and 68% of men take care of the kids.
The same applies to domestic chores and daily cooking, which are the duties of 85% of women in Greece, compared with 16% of men. In Sweden, 74% of women and 56% of men deal with household work, while the average for the EU is 79% for women and 34% for men.
Greek women spend more time with friends than men, watch more live performances but less cinema, visit cultural places more than men and read more. Greek men are more prone to watching live sports with 29.8% (the second highest in the EU after Denmark) vs. 14.7% for women.
Regarding use of the Web, Greek women and men are involved with social networks on the Internet in equal numbers (68%). However, more men make use of online banking (32% vs. 24% for women), more men read the news on the internet (88% vs. 82%) and used email (76% vs. 73%).
Greek women, on the other hand, make more phone calls or video calls over the internet (48% vs. 45%), while the same percentage of women and men (27%) seek work through the Internet.
Twice as many Greek men die of two of the three main causes of death (cancer and heart disease). At the same time, more Greek women die of cerebrovascular diseases.
In Greece, more young men live alone (12.1% of the total) than women (11.1%), as opposed to the EU average, where single women (8.2%) are more than men (7.8%). The corresponding percentages in Sweden are 42.6% for men and 34.6% for women.