Erdogan is scheduled to lay a wreath at the Monument of the Unknown Soldier in Athens before meeting with his counterpart, Greek president Prokopios Pavlopoulos, at the presidential mansion.
Their meeting will be followed by an expanded meeting with the respective delegations of ministers from the two countries.
The Turkish president will meet with Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras at the Maximos mansion at 13:00 for expanded talks with delegations, following which the two leaders will make statements to the press.
At 19:30, Pavlopoulos will host a formal dinner for Erdogan at the presidential mansion.
On Friday, the Turkish president will visit Komotini in northern Greece.