Big Trouble In Little Cyprus Over The Ages



Cyprus_HistorySituated at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa, Cyprus has been a meeting point for civilizations over the centuries. The birthplace of Venus is the easternmost island of the Mediterranean and has faced numerous conquerors in its long history, adapting each time to the new elements, but always maintaining its original cultural background. Cyprus has been a center of Hellenism in time with its own particular characteristics and attributes.

The oldest evidence of human presence on the island dates back to 10,000 BC and the neolithic period. In 1571 the Ottomans invaded Cyprus and Nicosia fell to their power after a six-week long siege, while Famagusta fought back for 11 months under the commands of Venetian Marc Antonio Bragadin before falling to the Ottoman commander Lala Mustafa. When the Ottomans entered the city, they flayed him and stuffed his skin with straw. Thus, Cyprus became part of the Ottoman Empire and its relations to Europe were suspended.

In 1878 the then-British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli forced the Sultan to grant Cyprus to Britain in exchange for protection of the Empire from the expansion politics of the Russian tsarist empire.

In 1955 the Greek-Cypriots revolted against the Βritish colonial powers after long but unsuccessful peaceful negotiations to form an independent sovereign country. The fight against the colonial rule ended in 1959 with the London and Zurich Agreements for the Constitution of Cyprus signed between the British, Greek-Cypriots and Turkish-Cypriots.

Cyprus became an independent Republic on Aug. 16, 1960, and the Turkish-Cypriot community comprising 18% of the total population was offered cultural and religious autonomy. In November 1963, Archbishop Makarios, the first President of the Republic, made proposals to amend the Constitution and make it more effective, but Turkey and the Turkish-Cypriot leadership rejected the proposals.

On July 15, 1974, the military junta ruling Greece at the time, egged on by circles in NATO, staged a coup to bring down the elected government of Cyprus. On July 20, Turkey invaded Cyprus under the guise of restoring constitutional order in the insular country. The Turkish army forces took over and now occupy 36.2% of the northern part of the island, an action internationally condemned as an open violation of the UN Charter and international law.

In April 2004, 75.83% of the Greek-Cypriots rejected the Annan Plan, the UN proposal to solve the Cyprus dispute, while 24.17% voted for it in a referendum favored by the Turkish side. On May 1, 2004, Cyprus officially became a full Member-State of the EU. On Jan, 1, 2008, Cyprus adopted the common currency of the Euro.

In 2011 drilling began offshore Cyprus with natural gas reserves proving particularly rich in the blocks surrounding the island. On June 25, 2012, Cyprus officially asked the European Member States for a bailout of its banking system. Then President Demetris Christofias, a Communist, resisted demands for austerity and a confiscation tax on bank depositors but didn’t run for re-election after he failed in his self-appointed mission of trying to reunify the island. He received much of the blame for the banks failures.

In March, 2013, the Troika of the European Union-International Monetary Fund-European Central Bank (EU-IMF-ECB) forced newly-elected President Nicos Anastasiades, who had campaigned against seizing bank deposits, to accept a plan where the government would take up to 80 percent of the money in uninsured bank accounts to trigger a 10 billion euros ($13 billion) bailout.

That came with other attached conditions, including capital controls on withdrawals amid predictions by many economic analysts that the conditions, along with other austerity measures, would plunge the island into a deep and prolonged recession as has happened in Greece during its economic crisis.

EU/IMF/ECB imposed an all-out haircut on Cypriot deposits bringing people out in the streets protesting against the extremely harsh measures.


SHARE

9 COMMENTS

  1. I’m surprised this article hasn’t got the name “EOKA” in it. That was the group that fought for our independence from the British.

  2. The Cypriots will have to fight again for their independence against the the EU Commission, TROIKA, and IMF who are bullying them into brutal financial submission!

  3. Well, the sure thing is that now for the moment, Cyprus is multicultural because of the Turks living in the north live under the Turkish Cypriot culture and the Greek Cypriots in the south live under the Cypriot Hellenic culture

    Now before, that :

    Quote from the article
    “adapting each time to the new elements, but always maintaining its original cultural background”.

    When you have assimilation, it’s not multicultural because with multiculturalism, the differents communites who live in a country only share the country between themselves and live their way of life in their own areas under their cultural rules (dress codes, religious laws, …) and generally the differents communities have little interactions between each others and when they act together it is only to pursue a common goal and it is generally the research of common profit (look at Australia, USA, …).

    With multiculturalism, the differents communities don’t assimilate and keep their original culture intact. the different peoples who compose a community most often stay in their attributed area or the area they define themselves by occupying it and they generally don’t mixe (very few marriages) with the others communities.

    That’s why multiculturalism is such a disaster, because there isn’t assimilation, the natives are pushed out (when they aren’t massacred) of whole areas to let the place to the newcommers who needs their own place to live their culture.

    Now, Hellas is a multicultural country because of the Thrace province : Muslims inhabitants living here have a different culture (Religion and cultural practices, own MPs, Mouftis, ….) than the rest of the population.

    If it wasn’t for this region, Hellas would have been only a multiracial country because, excepted Thrace, the rest of the peoples of Hellens, Arvanits, Romanians, Ukrainians, Lebaneses, ect …. descents are living under the Greek culture, have Greek names, marry each others , … = More or less, They act like members of a Nation.

    I think you make a confusion between the multiculturalist concept (country shared by differents communities who each live under their cultures) with multiracialism (Everybody live and interact togethers because each newcommer is assimilated into the local population and the local culture of the country and sometimes they add some elements of their home culture into the culture of their new country).

  4. I don’t understand why anybody dislikes the EU when prior you had to pay the money back you just ‘took took took’. Well, pay the friggin money back you lying gypsies!

  5. No, I do mean a multicultural Cyprus through the ages!
    Cyprus never had an original cultural background!
    Unless the author means Cyprus’ Anatolian ancestors!
    Because since antiquity the original Anatolian occupants lived side by side with but didn’t necessarily assimilate with the incoming Greeks, Phoenicians, Romans, Egyptians, later Byzantines, Franks, Venetians, Levantines, Turks, etc.
    Cyprus is as multicultural as most modern day societies!

  6. Then why are Cypriot peoples living in the South of the Island considered as Greek Orthodox Christians if this zone is a multicultural place ? It’s not multicultural but mostly populated by Greek speaking Orthodox Christians (with some rich mostly from Russia since the Island was a fiscal paradise but rich immigrants are often welcomes no matters the country 😉

    For the others parties of the islands, there is the Turkish controlled north of the Island most populated by Turkish speaking peoples (and rich crooks who try to escape the justic of their home country) since the northern part is only recognized by Turkey) and there are also the british enclaves and that is because of theses zones that Cyprus is multicultural (and that is not positive for the control of the territorial waters and the gaz below because the British controlled enclaves are controlled by the UK and the Turkish controlled North is controlled by Turkey).

    And modern day societies ? No, this isn’t modern because it’s like that in the USA, Australia, Canada, ect … since the 16th century and the colonization, extermination of the natives in theses countries and their replacements by immigrants comming from all parts of the world.
    It’s nothing new, really (it’s the same in Egypt, Irak, Syria, ect …).

    And now, it’s just the USA and other likes countries which try to push their model of societies and way of life into EU countries failing to notice that if the modern USA, Australia, ect … Anglo-Saxons types of societies somehow works it’s because the natives inhabitants have nearly completly cleaned the place they occupy of the natives.
    In Europe, the locals are still around the place so it doesn’t and won’t works.

  7. Cyprus is multicultural because while Greeks in the south and Turks in the north are the majority communities, there are many minority groups of Lebanese, English, Syrians, Egyptians, Russians, and even Italians.

    This is the meaning of a multicultural society. Greece like it or not is also now a multicultural society and will in the years to come absorb far more diverse cultures than we already have!

    The world is on the move and as such no land, region, or country can stop the progress of multiculturalism!

  8. It’s up to the legal citizens to decide if they want to be multicultural or not and whohever oppose this Legitimate Right of the citizens is against Democracy and Human Rights.

    The Self Determination Right (Right for a population to chose the future of the nation, the apparence of the next generations, if the country stays monocultural or become multicultural, ect ….) is part of the Basic Human Rights of the populations.

    And so you are against the Human Right of the Hellenic people to choose their destiny, Savas ? How can you be so heartless to deny the local peoples their Human Rights ?
    If the majority of the population don’t want the American system and aren’t interested in the so-called “modern” system, well, we all have to respect that.
    And if some Modern concepts are a progress, that isn’t the case for all of theses concepts.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.