Common Words in the Greek and Turkish Language



athens-bazaarThe Greeks were under Ottoman occupation for 400 years and the period of the Ottoman rule are traditionally viewed in a negative light as they are considered a dark time of cultural and economic decline. However, during that time and despite the rivalry that existed between the Greeks and the Ottomans, the Ottoman occupation had a profound impact on the Greek society and language. Today, we can find more than 300 Turkish words that are used daily in the Greek language. Let’s have a look at some of them.

Greek Turkish English
flytzáni fincan cup
tsépi̱ cep pocket
kaíki kayık boat
manávi̱s manav greengrocerer
bakáli̱s bakal grocer
kav̱gás kavga fight
Ntoulápi dolap closet
hamparia haber news
babas baba father
bahari baharat spice
baruti barut dynamite
bekiaris bekar single man
buzuki bozuk regional musical instrument
divani divan couch
hamalis hamal porter
kaimaki kaymak the creamy part of the milk
karpuzi karpuz watermelon
tavani tavan ceiling
tsantiri cadir tent
tsanta canta bag

However, there are also several Greek words that the Turkish seem to have been using. These words have either passed into the Turkish language directly from the Greek one or through another language e.g. French or English.

Turkish Greek English
efendi afendis (ancient gr. afthendis) boss
ekol sholio school
dramatik dramatikos dramatic
disk diskos disc
epik epikos epic
epilog epilogos conclusion
erotik erotikos erotic
filozof philosophos philosopher
fotometre photometro photometer
galaksi galaksias galaxy
helikopter helikoptero helicopter
hidroliz hydrolysi hydrolysis
ırgat ergatis worker
iklim klima climate
kanape Canapés (ancient gr. konops=mosquito) couch
klor chlorio chlorine
monoton monotonos monotonous
odeon odio odeum
pilot pilotos pilot
sırma syrma wire

 


3 COMMENTS

  1. The Greeks were under Ottoman occupation for 400 years and the period of the Ottoman rule are traditionally viewed in a negative light as they are considered a dark time of cultural and economic decline. – IT WAS FAR MORE than “cultural and economic decline”, it was outright GENOCIDE of the INDIGENOUS HELLENIC population. The Chios massacre is one example of this.

    A Turkish fleet under the Kapudan Pasha Nasuhzade Ali Pasha arrived on the island on 22 March. They quickly pillaged and looted the town. Orders were given to burn down the town, and over the next four months, an estimated 40,000 Turkish troops, including convicts,arrived. In addition to setting fires, the troops were ORDERED TO KILL ALL INFANTS UNDER THREE YEARS OLD, ALL MALES 12 YEARS AND OLDER, AND ALL FEMALES 40 AND OLDER EXCEPT THOSE WILLING TO CONVERT TO ISLAM. Approximately three-quarters of the population of 120,000 were killed, enslaved or died of disease. It is estimated that 2,000 people remained on the island after 21,000 managed to flee, 52,000 were enslaved and 52,000 massacred. Tens of thousands of survivors dispersed throughout Europe and became part of the Chian Diaspora. 

    The Venizelos-Samaras Junta is rewarding their behaviour by building a mosque for illegal muslim immigrants in Athens on Turkish Prime Minister Erdogans request.

    http://www.todayszaman.com/news-305520-turkeys-erdogan-mosque-to-be-built-in-athens.html

    http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/342460

  2. “traditionally viewed in a negative light as they are considered a dark time of cultural and economic decline. ”

    It was a dark era.. Only to an idiotic multiculturalist leftist imbecile would see Ottoman Islamic totalitarian theocratic tyranny as equivalent to a democratic Hellenic state. Our ancestors fought to liberate us from Ottoman tyranny. Our treasonous leftists are nostalgic about it.

  3. BBC Business News today; “Tough Times See Greeks Moving to Formal Rival Turkey”. Remarkable while Syrians, Afghanis and others attempt to enter Greece with the help of Turks, Greeks are leaving Greece for opportunity in Turkey. Many are returning to the homeland of their Grandparents and hoping for the best under tenuous circumstances.