Greek Manufacturing PMI Recorded Unprecedented Contraction in July

manufacturing industryAdding to a dismal Monday for the Greek economy, that has seen a stock market crash and significant revenue losses for Greek firms, financial information service company Markit released its July survey results on Greece’s Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index.

The Manufacturing PMI denotes the well being of the manufacturing sector of an economy based on number of parameters including output, employment, new business, stock and supplier deliveries. A country’s monthly PMI is recorded through a monthly survey.

If the survey yields results above the 50 mark, that indicates an improvement in the state of the country’s manufacturing sector. If it is less than 50, the sector’s condition has worsened. A 50 point mark signifies no change.

In the July survey, Greece recorded a survey all time low of 30.2.

“Record contractions were registered for almost all variables monitored by the survey, including output, new orders, employment and stocks. There was also a record lengthening in suppliers’ delivery times,” the press release reads.

Historical Overview of Greece's Manufacturing PMI by Markit
Historical Overview of Greece’s Manufacturing PMI by Markit

The analysis found that capital controls that  have been in effect since June 28, bank closures, which lasted for three weeks, and uncertainty over Greece’s future have played a significant role in the manufacturing industry’s dramatic decline. Output was compromised by shortage in new orders and by restraints in manufacturer’s access to goods that were necessary for production.

‘Manufacturers’ buying levels decreased to the greatest extent in the survey’s history in July. Panel member reports indicated that companies commonly faced difficulties sourcing inputs due to capital restrictions and the limited availability of some items. Accordingly, stocks of purchases contracted sharply on the month, as did postproduction inventories,” the release noted.

While the time delivery from suppliers increased significantly and vendor performance was exceptionally low, employment in the manufacturing industry has also been severely hampered.

“July’s survey signalled the steepest drop in factory employment ever recorded during the 16-plus years of data collection. The decrease was the fourth in successive months, following marginal job losses throughout the second quarter of the year,” the press release reads.

In contrast to Greece’s unprecedented contraction, Italy was the survey’s big success, recording a 51 month high of 55.3. Overall, the Eurozone recorded a 52.4 with France being the only country, aside from Greece, with a negative performance, as it recorded a 49.6.

The Eurozone survey concluded that Greece’s decline did not have much effect elsewhere in the currency union.

“The impact of the Greek crisis, and in particular the bank closures, had a striking though not surprising impact on that country’s economy, with the Greek PMI signalling the steepest downturn ever seen in the survey’s 16-year history,” wrote Markit’s Chief Economist Chris Williamson in the Eurozone’s survey results. “It is clear that Greece’s recession deepened significantly in the second quarter.”


  1. Why worry about this? Tsipras is going to give everybody in Greece a job. We don’t need tourism, industry or even banks. The leftwing platform will return us to the drachma, give all their cronies a job for life for 40,000 euros a year, abolish the need for anybody to do any work, relieve people of their loans etc. Wait a minute….food prices and taxes are going up and so is unemployment. Trash is in piles in my neighborhood and we get water cuts several times a week. Oh, I forgot, it’s the past governments’ fault…..

  2. What did they expect??? Something different…
    The EU forced Greece to adopt a corporate tax rate of 29%…when neighbouring countries have a corporate tax rate of 10 to 15%.. Its a disaster and going to get worse…Politicians who are failing to reform and get the economy going and offer business some sort of go ahead and confidence…
    A VAT rate of 23% its going to destroy the Greek economy and make it worse…What an absolutely disaster?? No companies to employ anyone so there will be no one will earn enough to pay taxes.
    How is this government going to function???or any government going to function?? or do anything??

  3. seems to have started a very deep decline as soon as Tsipras came to power… didn’t take long for him to completely stuff up the economy


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.