Abolition of the Republic of Cyprus



Cyprus_European_UnionHaving a solution to a problem is better than not having one at all. But one could equally ask: what kind of solution can be considered fair in comparison? Is a resolution that endeavors to split and fragment a nation on the basis of language, religion and ethnicity, a fair solution or a curse in the making? That’s precisely what Cyprus is facing today; the need of a fair and lasting solution to the Cyprus problem. How to achieve it – that’s the million-dollar question.

One of the most effective approaches to negotiations is the process of elimination. Such a formula works well when a reverse format is applied by firstly sifting out niggling problems on the basis of not what one wants but what one does not want. The final result would eventually surface as a probable and a more viable solution. Foremost, admitting one’s mistakes is crucial, something that few are prepared to acknowledge and is the biggest problem of all. Yet, without such an admission, compromising solutions would eventually decay and collapse. Most importantly, negotiations cannot be held on the premise that: what’s mine is mine and what’s yours is negotiable.

The current negotiations between the Turkish and Greek Cypriot leadership – commendable as they may be – are facing a dilemma. If the end result is based on racial segregation and apartheid – just like the 2004 UN Annan Plan endeavored to achieve but failed miserably – there is no chance in the world for a lasting solution. That plan was rejected by 76% of the people who did not want to see the partition of Cyprus.

Rejection of the UN Annan Plan did not go down well but especially for the current president, Mr. Anastasiades, who was the driving force behind the “Yes” campaign. Once again, those same dark forces wish to see its revival as a basis for a settlement. The initiators of that plan spent millions via various NGO groups to propagandize its glorious benefits; today it’s no different. Under the guise of the proposed Bi-zonal, Bi-communal Federation (BBF) it offers the Cypriot government the opportunity to reintroduce that ill-fated UN Annan Plan from the back door and on the sly.

Millions would be spent on lobby groups, including the media and journalists, to persuade the public to accept a BBF agreement. In fact, NGO propaganda groups have already appeared on social networks and the media eager to manipulate the minds of the people. One such group, composed of intellectuals, academics and others, is the Omada Kypros (OK) that attempts to make the BBF solution “more understandable” to the average citizen.

The Anastasiades government is now obsessed with the BBF pet-project; a project that promises many things but no one can actually ensure its success – not the EU, the UN or the Cypriot government. It’s a hit and miss solution because no similar political system exists elsewhere in the world. The island would be fragmented under the greatest political sleight of hand in its history.

Unofficial “leaks” reveal that an agreement is in the pipeline and could be concluded within the next few months. It envisions the abolition of the Republic of Cyprus and replaced by a United States of Cyprus. All the major players call this political intrigue a “win-win” situation for everyone! Why such urgent inventiveness to split the island in the next few months? No one is talking.

Today, Cyprus hosts the second highest proportion of foreign nationals (20%) after Luxembourg (according to Eurostat) with 167,800 nationals living and working on the island yet none have aspirations for a separate state. This kind of mentality is enshrined by European democratic thought, displaying that minorities can live well with one another as equal citizens, yet the Turkish-Cypriots by comparison (18%) 120,000 – unlike the Armenians, Latinos, Maronites, British etc. – intransigently demand a separate ethnic self-governing state. They can do so because of Turkey’s 40,000 military troops on the island.

All considered, can there ever be a real solution to the intractable problem of Cyprus? Definitely. The current negotiations held with the new Turkish-Cypriot leader, Mr. Akinci, offers the greatest opportunity to change attitudes and cast away old taboos. Still, no one have chosen to explore a new radical approach to negotiations, free from ethnic barriers.

Instead of reaching out and discussing ways to resolve issues and reunite the island as one nation, the two parties have chosen to negotiate a divisive nationalistic “horse-trading” policy that does not work.

It is necessary to renew the alliance between the two communities (people with people – and not necessarily politicians with politicians) so as to strengthen peace in a spirit of solidarity among people and live together again as one nation. Mutual consideration and respect for diversity, faith and equality is essential but crucially important is to share responsibility in the interest of future generations; only a peaceful solution would provide such security and prosperity for all citizens under one internationally recognized unified state.

Outside Cyprus, Greek and Turkish Cypriots live well alongside one another and intermarry, respect one another as equal citizens of the state, knowing the Rule of Law protects them, and yet in Cyprus, they are told they cannot live together. That is madness! In fact, the reunification of the island is the only probable lasting solution that can promise social and economic stability: one nation, one citizenship, one-man-one-vote, equality and freedom of movement protected by a new joint Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus.

The strength of the people is measured by the well being of its weakest members in society and if a just unification comes to fruition, it should be a priority of a caring government that all Cypriot citizens have the right to vote and are treated equal, irrespective of ethnicity. This human quality seems to have long been forgotten in exchange for political party expediency, influenced by foreign meddling in both communities.

In a true democracy, citizens are vested by the power of veto to stop a bad government decision that may threaten the nation’s existence as a unitary democratic state. Historically, this is achieved either through the polls or in the streets, and Cyprus today is facing a similar predicament – polls or rebellion!

The right to a Referendum is the cornerstone of democracy and yet, it is feared that the Anastasiades government has other plans, being afraid that his BBF agreement may meet the same ill-fated result as the Annan Plan did. People are very suspicious that the President may exercise his powers vested in him by the Constitution to retract his promise for a Referendum and allow parliamentarians to decide instead – just like they did in favor of the EU membership and the Troika bail-in. One can influence the few much easier than the masses and if parliamentarians decide, the BBF would become a reality and seal the fate of Cyprus.

If, on the other hand, the government keeps its promise to hold a Referendum, the wording of the Referendum must be transparent and not be subject to manipulation and misinterpretation. A majority vote, plus 10%, would win the day. A “Yes” or “No” decision would suffice. In the past, the government of Holland and Ireland did not accept the wishes of the “No” voters and reintroduced a new Referendum until they got their way by a tiny “Yes” margin. This political trickery may also be applied in Cyprus.

Well-informed citizens would ultimately make well-informed decisions but that information must be unbiased and not be misleading. If a BBF solution is presented to the people that does not guarantee the return of the refugees back to their ancestral homes or the removal of all Turkish troops, such agreement would never be accepted by the people. To reward Turkey’s invasion of the island would be a crime in itself…

That is why the two leaders today have a unique opportunity to make good things happen or allow bad things to take place. It’s imperative to negotiate ways to reunify the island as one nation and not pursue partitioning “horse-trading” policies such as the BBF that would not work but add more problems in the future.

The people of Cyprus are facing a real dilemma indeed.


20 COMMENTS

  1. If Cyprus is unified using the terrible Annan plan as a template or something similar. The outcome of this manipulation will be hostility, & resentment in a short period of time, that will eventually lead to violence that would result in the Greeks annihialation. What a terrible state of affairs!

  2. This is a good story. Well said. There can only be one country. The proponents of a proposed Bi-zonal, Bi-communal Federation (BBF) are living in fantasy land.

    Either Cyprus is again reunited with the 40,000 armed personnel and the 200,000 illegal settlers
    returning to Anatolia or the status quo should remain. Under a Bi-zonal, Bi-communal Federation (BBF) the majority of the current citizens of the Republic of Cyprus have the most to lose.

  3. It drives me nuts to see religion still being used in politics, its 2015 not 1015.

    Dear Turkish and Greek leaders – just ‘do the business’ and be the first nation to offer ‘open democracy’. Commit to looking after all of your people.

    After more than 4 million years of human evolution, we still cannot build a fair society – that is an intellectual disgrace. Just do it men, let history record you as great people who made a real contribution to the advance of ‘civilization’ . You will die, and you will become history.

  4. No. Canada is a confederation, which means Independent provinces or states by a free choice decided to amalgamate and form a Federation same with the USA with a central government but each province elect their own head of state…Religion language has no bearing. All citizens are equal under the law of the land. ONE does not invade an independent country militarily and forces a two state solution under the threat of a gun!

  5. Bizonality and a bicommunal federation, which became the UN parameters for a solution are the result of a strategy put together by the British and the American along with the Turks in the 1970’s shortly after the invasion. This strategy has been forced upon the Republic of Cyprus against the will of the vast majority of Cypriots. Makarios famously said at that time, that bi-zonality would never be acceptable even if many years [of occupation] passed.

    The Annan plan was the first chance Cypriots had to veto the anglo-american and Turkish plan, forced on Cyprus under the guise of the UN. Unwilling to listen to the people they continue even though with the passage of time the plan they are pushing becomes more absurd. Apartheid fell, while the plans proposed go against the core principals of the European Union. Discrimination on the basis of ethnicity or religion is no longer acceptable in today’s world. Yet the UN backed by the Anglo-americans and Turkey still persist. Between them they have continued to violate the human right of Cypriots for 41 years … and counting.

  6. Get Serious. The rest of Canada doesn’t face invasion, and genocide from France if the people of Quebec don’t agree with something say in Toronto.

  7. Canada is not BBF. It’s one unified country with the minority French speakers equal citizens in every way. One person one vote is the key to democracy and social justice. Actually there are a lot more prime ministers from Quebec than the rest of Canada. The same could happen in Cyprus. It should be unified as ONE country not partitioned on the basis of ethnicity or language.
    They can have two official languages as in Canada. Right now the politicians negotiate especially the TC ones on the basis of what’s mine is mine, what’s yours is negotiable… as the author of this article correctly pointed out.
    Let’s face it. Turkey is the one major obstacle in the reunification of Cyprus. They are after the oil and gas that has been found around Cyprus. With a truly unified Cyprus Turkey gets nothing. With a GT / TC split Turkey hopes to get 25% of all Cyprus natural resources

  8. By comparing Turkish Cypriots with foriegn nationals, you’ve highlighted exactly why they seek their own independence in a two state solution. You dont see them as rightful cypriots, you see them as a sort of inconvenience that can be integrated into your wider society.

  9. Bizonality and a bicommunal federation, which became the UN parameters for a solution are the result of a strategy put together by the British and the American along with the Turks in the 1970’s shortly after the invasion. This strategy has been forced upon the Republic of Cyprus against the will of the vast majority of Cypriots. Makarios famously said at that time, that bi-zonality would never be acceptable even if many years [of occupation] passed.

    The Annan plan was the first chance Cypriots had to veto the anglo-american and Turkish plan, forced on Cyprus under the guise of the UN. Unwilling to listen to the people they continue even though with the passage of time the plan they are pushing becomes more absurd. Apartheid fell, while the plans proposed go against the core principals of the European Union. Discrimination on the basis of ethnicity or religion is no longer acceptable in today’s world. Yet the UN backed by the Anglo-americans and Turkey still persist. Between them they have continued to violate the human right of Cypriots for 41 years … and counting.

  10. You’ve got it all wrong. Turkey invaded Cyprus, it has split it two and now with the help of the EU and UN seeks to form two independent states with a loose central government but to also have a veto; that is not federation my friend; its occupation!

  11. Quote:
    That federation would comprise a federal government with a single international personality, along with a Turkish Cypriot constituent state and a Greek Cypriot constituent state, which would be of equal status.

    …this much we know so far.

    Count them.

    There are at least three governing bodies to make up a BBF. No amount of denial will succeed in removing from the Republic of Cyprus the recognition it has earned as the representative of this island’s dwellers, as Cypriots. Simply put, what is lacking is a Greek Constituency, for there to exist a Turkish Constituency.

    The USA, and Canada, as countries evolved quite differently. Both are BBF, both represent a way to find strength in diversity, both are successful in this effort (although one is a mosaic and the other a melting pot), Bicommunal, and Bizonal, do not have to mean tearing the island in two. I will add that if there is a recognition of Cypriot Constituencies, the existence of identities as Persons, as Individuals, as Cypriots, my hope is that they will choose to sustain the Cypriot ethnos, which would include the same recognition toward Maronites, Armenians and Latins, as persons having the same needs.

    …something to think about.

  12. The solution is elementary. Make Cyprus a monarchy with myself as queen. Then the island will unite against me.

  13. No matter which way anyone looks at this, elements of both communities mistrust and even fear the other. These people are significant enough to make any single state solution short-lived. Unless a significant majority of legitimate citizens can get over a deep seated fear and hatred of one another a REVISABLE 2 state solution is best. Baby steps. I think both for the sake of Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots guarantors must be in place but with gradually minimising presence.

  14. That is where you are wrong: all Cypriotes are one nation its the petty politicians that ruined the island. Apply your statement in England by giving such a right to statehood to the Irish or the Muslim minorities; you would not even think about it! Why imposes such idea for Cyprus?

  15. Religion is a relatively minor issue in the bigger issue of identity.
    People choose what values and culture they identity with. There is a
    unspoken conflict between democracy and identity that is the source of
    much conflict in the world. Unfortunately the rational are caught
    between the two extremists. The far leftists rant “racism” when you
    point out the obvious. And the fascists give them their stereotype.

  16. Sure is easy to lecture with only half the story. Perhaps you have forgotten the centuries of Turkish occupation of Greece but Greeks haven’t. Perhaps you have forgotten the countless pogroms against Greeks, in our own homelands, but we haven’t.

    As for the specifics of Cyprus, the vast majority of Turks living in Cyprus got there post evasion! This is the way Turks governments have operated for centuries. As soon as they get their numbers up they annex regions to their own country. They even annex nearly by regions if a minority if of they think they can militarily get away with it.

    The right solution is a two state solution. A single state solution will eventually just end up part of Turkey.

  17. Did you know that dna-wise the turkish and greek cypriots are the same haplogroup, whereas the turks from Turkey and Greeks form Greece are different ie Cypriots are a different race to Turks and Greeks